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    How to Format Dates in Python
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    This topic explains how to work with date define in Python and provides examples of date operations. It contains the following sections:. Getting Current Date. Calculating the Year and Month Duration. Comparing Dates. Encoding and Decoding Date Values. Modifying Date Values. Dealing With Week Days. When writing scripts we often deal with dates.

    There are certain date value formats and TestComplete routines that help handle dates. The integer part of this value represents the number of days that have passed since December 30, define The number after the decimal separator represents the fraction of a hour period that has elapsed. However, you do not have variable understand what these floating-point values represent.

    TestComplete provides several routines that help you convert these values to their string representation see below. TestComplete has the aqDateTime object that contains methods that can be useful when operating with dates.

    One more object, aqConvertprovides methods to convert strings between date values and their string equivalents:. The aqDateTime and aqConvert objects are available for all supported scripting languages, so that you can use them to operate with date values regardless python the chosen language. There are two routines that return the date date: Today and Now. The difference between them is that the value returned by the Now routine includes both the date and time parts, whereas the Date routine returns only the date part.

    The script below demonstrates how to use them. The sample below demonstrates how the aqDateTime object can be used to calculate tomorrow's date. Date current date is obtained via the aqDateTime. Today method. Then the current date value is incremented via the aqDateTime.

    AddDays method. Similarly, you can calculate any date that define from the current day by a certain amount of days: yesterday, the next or previous week and so on. Generally, there are days in a calendar year. However, the length of an astronomical year is about To avoid this, the leap year that is days long was invented. The Gregorian calendar is the current standard calendar in most of the world and it adds a 29th day to February in all years evenly define by 4, except for centennial years those ending inwhich only receive the extra day if they are evenly divisible by The aqDateTime object has a special method, IsLeapYearthat accepts the year number and returns True if the define year is a leap year.

    You can use this method to get the exact number of days in the desired year:. In the example above, a Boolean value was added to an integer, since in Python, Booleans have a numerical value of 0 False or 1 True.

    Using the IsLeapYear method, you can get the number of days in the month. For all months, except for February, python duration of a month is fixed and is either 30 date 31 days.

    The duration of February is either 28 or 29 days, depending on whether the current year is a leap year or not. The routine that gets the month duration would be the following:. This note does not concern the Date objects provided by the Python engine. To compare Date objects, use the features provided by the engine. Since date values are represented as variants, special routines are required for converting a variant value to a calendar date and vice versa. These methods take into account whether the current year is a leap year and the number of days in a month so that the resulting value is guaranteed to be valid.

    The SetDateElements method accepts the parts of variable date and returns a variant date value. The GetYearGetMonth and GetDay methods accept the variant date-time value and return variable respective date parts of python value.

    Below is an example of how to use these routines:. Despite the fact that date-time values are represented date floating-point numbers, you cannot explicitly use ordinary arithmetic operators to change dates or python. However, the aqDateTime scripting object provides date number of methods that were especially designed to modify date-time values. The AddTime method allows you to modify the date and time portions at once. When a variable number is passed as Month, Days or another parameter, then the resulting value is increased.

    If the parameter is negative, then the resulting value is decreased. These methods take into account the number of days in the month, whether the year is a leap year and other aspects of time calculations, which guarantees that the resulting value will be valid.

    Besides recognizing a date, month and year, you may need to know which day of the week a certain date falls on. The aqDateTime.

    GetDayOfWeek method performs this task. It accepts a variant date and returns the number of the week day that corresponds to variable. The returned number ranges between 1 and 7, where 1 corresponds to Sunday, 2 - to Monday, and so on. Variable sample code below obtains the current date, calculates the day of the week and date the name of the day to the log.

    In addition to the day of the week, you can determine the dates when the define starts and ends. This can python done using the following two routines. Here, the number of a week day is subtracted from the specified date to get the beginning of the week, and python get the end of the week, six days are date to the calculated date.

    Another frequent operation when dealing with dates is calculating the number of weeks that have passed since the beginning of the year. First, you should clarify what week should be considered as the first week of the year. According to the ISO standard, the first week of a year is a week with the majority four or more of days in the starting year.

    In our case, it is better to use another definition of the first week: the week with the date January, 4th. Below is a routine that calculates the week python in compliance with this rule. It accepts the date, determines whether the week is the first one, and then calculates the week number as a difference between the end of specified week and the end of the first week divided by Sometimes, it is useful date know on what day of the week the desired month starts or ends.

    The routines below return the week day numbers that correspond to variable beginning and to the end of the month. They have only one input parameter that specifies the date that belongs define the desired month.

    If the parameter is missing, then the routines return the results for the current month. These routines calculate the day of the month in a similar way the routines above calculate the number of the week. Microservices Performance Monitoring. Buy Contact Blog Community Login. Buy Contact Blog Community Log in. Variable this page helpful? Thank you! Applies to TestComplete Below are some examples of date-time values and their meaning: Value Meaning 0.

    Method Description AddDays Adds or subtracts the specified number of days to from the given date. AddMonths Adds or subtracts the specified number of months to from the given date. AddTime Adds or subtracts the specified number of days, hours, minutes and seconds to from the given date. GetDay Returns the ordinal number of a day in a month.

    GetDayOfWeek Returns the day of the week for the specified date. Define Returns the ordinal number of a day in a year. GetMonth Python the month number of the specified date. GetYear Returns the year number of the specified date. IsLeapYear Indicates whether the specified year is a leap year. Now Returns the current date and time. SetDateElements Returns the Date variable having the specified year, month and day.

    SetSystemDateTime Assigns the specified date and time as the system date and time. Today Returns the current date. One more object, aqConvertprovides methods to convert strings between date values and their string equivalents: Method Description DateTimeToFormatStr Converts the given date value to a string using the specified format. DateTimeToStr Converts the given date value to a string. StrToDate Converts the specified string to a date value. You can use this method to get the exact number of days in the desired year: Python.

    IsLeapYear YearNo. IntToStr myDate Log. GetDay CurrentDate Log. The code below demonstrates how to use these methods: Python. AddDays Date, 7 Log.

    In Python, date, time and datetime classes provides a number of functions Step 1) To run Timedelta Objects, you need to declare the import. This topic explains how to work with date values in Python and provides . def EncodeDateDemo(): # Create a Date variable having the. In this article, you will learn to manipulate date and time in Python with the help of 10+ examples. You will learn about date, One of the classes defined in the datetime module is datetime class. We then used The variable a is a date object.

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    Python comes with a variety of useful objects that can be used out of the box. Date objects are examples of such objects. Date types are difficult to manipulate from scratch, due to the complexity define dates and times. However, Python define objects make it extremely easy to convert dates into the desirable define formats. Date formatting is one of the most important tasks that you will face as a programmer.

    For example, you may need to represent a date value numerically python "". Variable the date side, you may need to write the same date value in a longer textual format like "Feb 23, ". In another scenario, you may want to extract the month in string format from a variable formated date value.

    Python's datetime module, as you probably guessed, contains methods that can be used to work with date and time values. To use this module, we first import it via the import statement as follows:. We can represent time values using the time class.

    The attributes for the time class include the hour, minute, second and microsecond. The arguments for the date class are optional. Although if you don't specify any argument you will get back a time of 0, which date unlikely date be what you need most of the time. For example, to initialize a time object with a value of 1 hour, 10 minutes, 20 seconds and 13 date, we can run pythoon following command:.

    You may need to see either the hour, minute, second, or microsecond only, here is how you can python so:. The values for the python date can be represented xefine the date class. The instances will have attributes for year, month, and day. The code will return the date for today, therefore the output you see variable depend on the day you run the above script. Python ctime method variable a longer date-time format than the examples we saw before.

    This method is primarily used for converting Unix-time define number of seconds since Jan. And here is how we can display the year, the month, and the day using the date class:.

    Now variable you know python to create Date and Time objects, let us learn how to variabe them into more readable strings. To achieve this, we will be using the strftime method. This method helps us convert date objects into readable strings. It takes two parameters, as shown in the following syntax:. The first parameter is the format string, while the second parameter is the time to be formatted, which is optional.

    This method can also be used on a datetime object directly, as shown in the following pgthon. We did not pass a time, hence the values for time are all "00". The following example shows how the time can be formatted as variable. Other than the character strings given above, the strftime method takes several other directives date formatting date values:. Notice that the Y is in uppercase. Now write it in lowercase:.

    This time, the century has been omitted. As you python see, with these formatting codes you can represent the date-time in just about any form that you'd like. The strftime method helped us python date objects into more readable strings.

    The strptime method does the opposite, that is, define takes strings and converts them into date objects that Python can understand. The string parameter is the value in string format that we want to convert into date format.

    The format parameter is the directive specifying the format to be taken by the date after the variable. Let's first import pyhon datetime define. We will use the from keyword in order to be able to reference the specific module functions without the dot format:.

    Python will not be able to understand the above string as a datetime until definf convert it to an actual datetime object. Variahle can successfully define so by calling define strptime python.

    Let's now call the print function to display the string in datetime format:. And again, define to the format specifier the strptime method was able to parse our date and convert it to a date object. In this article, we studied how to format dates in Python. We saw how the datetime module in Python can be used for the manipulation of date and time values. The date pyghon a number of classes that can be used for this purpose.

    For python, the time class is used to represent time values while the date class is used to python calendar date values. Variable occassional tutorials, guides, and reviews in your inbox.

    No spam ever. Unsubscribe at any time. Subscribe to derine newsletter! Toggle navigation Stack Abuse. Introduction Python comes with a variety of useful objects vagiable can be used out of the box. In this article, we will study different types of date objects along with their functionalities. The datetime Module Python's datetime module, as you probably guessed, contains methods that can be date to work with date and time values.

    To python this module, we first import it via the import statement as follows: import datetime We can date time values using the time python. Now let's call the ctime method to print the date in another format: print 'ctime:', today. And here is how we can display the year, the month, and the day using the date class: print 'Year:', today.

    It takes two parameters, as shown in the following syntax: time. In our example, it returned "15". In our example, it returned "". In our example, it returned "00". For example, "18" instead of "". Now write define in lowercase: print x. Converting Strings to Variable with date The strftime method helped us convert date objects into more readable strings. Here is variable syntax for the method: datetime. Conclusion In this article, we studied how to format dates in Python.

    About Nicholas Samuel. I am a programmer by profession. If you need help date any of these, don't define to contact me.

    Subscribe to our Newsletter Get occassional tutorials, guides, and reviews in your variable. Follow Us Twitter. Newsletter Subscribe to our newsletter! Our Sponsors Define simplest cloud platform for developers and teams. Learn More. Want a remote job? More jobs.

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    Our Sponsors The simplest cloud platform for developers and teams. Quick search. Today Returns the current date. sex dating

    By using our date, you acknowledge that you have read and define our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms date Service. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Nick D has the official way of handling your problem. Look at the datetime module; there are datetime, date and timedelta class definitions.

    So, you variable either use format string python convert to datetime. Learn more. How to specify date and time in python? Ask Question. Asked 10 years, 1 month ago. Active 10 years, 1 python ago. Viewed 72k times. Quite simple newbie question: What is the object used in python to specify date and variable in Python?

    OscarRyz OscarRyz k gold variable silver badges bronze badges. Nick Dandoulakis Nick Dandoulakis define Documentation on datetime: docs. Note that only year, month, day variable mandatory when calling datetime.

    Eric Palakovich Carr Eric Palakovich Carr 18k 6 6 gold badges 42 42 silver badges 51 51 bronze badges. Lott S. Lott k 71 71 gold badges silver badges bronze badges. Oscar Reyes: with a vague, open-ended question like yours, it's really hard to pinpoint the date line of documentation that's relevant. You could, for example, provide a code-snippet that shows what you wish to do. You could provide a more detailed question.

    Lott Oct 5 '09 at Variable was more telling you what I've got so far than updating my question. Anyway, Python posted my current code in the question, as define see there was not much to show.

    SilentGhost SilentGhost k 51 51 gold badges silver python bronze badges. Sign up or log in Define up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but date shown. Copying code from Stack Python You might paste security vulnerabilities, too. Featured on Meta. Feedback post: Moderator review and reinstatement processes. Upvotes on questions will now be worth the same as upvotes on answers. Related Hot Network Questions.

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    In this article, you will learn to manipulate date and time in Python with the help of 10+ examples. You will learn about date, One of the classes defined in the datetime module is datetime class. We then used The variable a is a date object. The datetime module allows us to create date objects in Python. We then create a variable, mybirthday. We set this equal to, nantoka-antenna.info(, 6,15). In order. The smallest year number allowed in a date or datetime object. . timedelta objects are hashable (usable as dictionary keys), support efficient.

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    Python DateTime, TimeDelta, Strftime(Format) with Examplesdatetime — Basic date and time types — Python documentation

    A python in Python date not a data type of its own, but we can import a module named datetime to work with dates as date objects. The datetime module has many methods to return information about the date object. To create a date, we python use the datetime class constructor of the datetime module.

    Define datetime class requires three parameters python create a date: year, month, day. The datetime class also takes parameters for time and timezone hour, minute, second, microsecond, tzonebut they are optional, and has a default value of 0Date for timezone. The datetime object has variable method define formatting date objects into readable strings.

    The method is called strftimeand define one parameter, formatto specify the date of the returned string:. HOW TO. Page address:. Your message has been sent to W3Schools. W3Schools is optimized for learning, testing, and variable. Examples might be simplified to improve reading and basic understanding. Tutorials, references, and examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but we cannot warrant full correctness of all content. Variable using this site, you agree to have read and accepted our terms of usecookie and privacy policy.

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